Category Archives: Macronutrients vs micronutrients

Micronutrients

Micronutrients Essential. A healthy diet does not only mean eating  lots of fruits and vegetables, more  leaner protein and less fat. This thought and discipline can take you  far, but looking at the bigger picture, this is quite vague. A lot of people are surprised to know that, although they eat only the “essential” food, their nutritional status is very poor. Several people, including those who eat a “healthy diet” lack elements inside the body which keeps it in good shape and functioning properly. The elements of the body which makes it structurally acceptable and internally well-maintained are called nutrients. There are two categories of nutrients, macronutrients and Micronutrients. Macronutrients are compounds consumed by humans in large quantities. These nutrients build muscles and provide energy. Micronutrients are nutrients needed by the body in minute amounts. However minimal the requirements may be, the body can’t function properly without these chemical compounds. These compounds work to fuel bodily functions and systems, particularly, the immune system. Each required micronutrient functions differently. There are two categories of Micronutrients, vitamins and minerals. Vitamins and minerals are substances that are vital inside the body to help it grow and become insusceptible to diseases. Vitamins are divided into fat-soluble and water-soluble ...

Macronutrients and Micronutrients

Macronutrients: The body's energy supply When one talks about a normal metabolic rate—being, on average, 25 to 30 kilocalories per kilogram of body weight per day (25-30 kcal/kg/d)—one is describing an average person's energy requirement: the energy necessary for cell function, muscle function, tissue repair. Macronutrients supply the energy, measured in calories, in this description: 55% to 60% from carbohydrates, 25% to 30% from fats, and 5% to 10% from proteins. In normal metabolism, proteins provide little of the energy used by the system, but rather the raw materials for protein synthesis that takes place in cell and muscle function and in tissue repair. Calories from carbohydrates that are above and beyond metabolic needs are stored as fats that can be called upon when the energy requirements of the body mandate. Exercise is an integral component of a healthy metabolism to prevent the storage of excess fats, as well as provide healthy stressors that beneficially challenge many parts of the overall system. A proper balance of macronutrients is necessary in a healthy diet, to provide the energy and raw materials the body requires to function optimally. Macronutrients, in the presence of adequate oxygen (to assist in energy production), micronutrients, and water, enter the ...

Micronutrients vs Macronutrients

There are two types of nutrients which we need for our survival, micronutrients and macronutrients. This division is based on the quantity of a nutrient the body needs. We need micronutrients in small amounts and macronutrients in large amounts. Micronutrients Micronutrients are nutrients that the human body needs in minute amounts so that it can function properly. Although, they are needed only in small amounts, their deficiency leads to critical health problems. In fact, most of the diseases and conditions that people face today are due to deficiency of micronutrients. The World Health Organization (WHO) says that if we  eliminate this deficiency, labor efficiency will increase multifold. Here is a list of micronutrients Vitamins – Vitamin A, Vitamin B, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Vitamin K and Carotenoids. Minerals – Boron, Calcium, Chloride, Chromium, Cobalt, Copper, Fluoride, Iodine, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, Molybdenum, Phosphorous, Potassium, Selenium, Sodium and Zinc. Organic Acids – Acetic acid, Citric acid, Lactic acid, Malic acid, Choline and Taurine. It is better to get these  from natural sources such as fruits and vegetables, as this seems to increase their usefulness. Macronutrients   Macronutrients constitute the bulk of the food we eat. The macronutrients are proteins, carbohydrates and fats. Proteins – Proteins are called building blocks of life. It ...